- Anorexia (Ana)
- Bulimia (Mia)
- Compulsive OverExercising (COE)
- Binge Eating Disorder (BED)
- Prader-Willi Syndrome
- Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD)
Anorexia is characterized by a refusal to maintain a normal body weight. There are two types of Anorexia; Restricting and Purging.
The person does not eat, or eats very less. The person does not binge or purge in the episode.
The person does not eat, or very less, but finds herself to be in a binge, and compensates by purging (vomiting, laxatives, diuretics)
Bulimia is characterized by periods of binge eating, followed by inappropriate ways to loose the food, like vomiting, laxatives, diuretics.
There are two types of Bulimia: Purging and Non Purging
During the period of Bulimia, the person has regularly engaged self inducted vomiting, used laxatives, diuretics.
During current episode of Bulimia Nervosa, the person has used other inappropriate compensatory behaviors, such as fasting or excessive exercise, but has not regularly engaged in self-induced vomiting or the misuse of laxatives, diuretics, or enemas.
Compulsive Overexercise or Anorexia
Persons who have episodes of repeatedly exercising beyond the requirements of what is considered safe, and will find time at any cost to do the exercise (including cutting school, taking off from work, hiding in the bathroom and exercising, etc.). The main goal of the exercise can be burning calories and "relieving the guilt" from just having eaten or binged, or to give us "permission" to eat.
Binge Eating Disorder (BED)
Binge eating disorder (BED) is the newest clinically recognized eating disorder. BED is primarily identified by repeated episodes of uncontrolled eating. The overeating or binging does not typically stop until the person is uncomfortably full. Unlike anorexia nervosa and bulimia however, BED is not associated with inappropriate behaviors such as vomiting or excessive exercise to rid the body of extra food. The illness usually begins in late adolescence or in the early 20s, often coming soon after significant weight loss from dieting.
When you don't really fit in the DSM criteria of Anorexia, Bulimia, BED, or COE, but you do have an eating disorder you may get diagnosed ED-NOS.
In real life this can be like this:
- You fit all the criteria of anorexia, but you're not underweight (yet).
- You fit the criteria of anorexia for two months, and then switch over to bulimia for two months, to switch back to anorexia.
- When you don't fit one or two criteria, but there's obviously and eating disorder.
Pica is defined as a non-stop compulsive caring to eat non eatable things like cotton, paper, dirt, glass, ice...
It's used to fill the stomach, so you won't get hungry.
This is very dangerous, eating glass for example, speaks for itself.
Cotton, paper and stuff can not be digested, and will ruin your body!
Prader-Willi Syndrome is a congenital condition (present at birth) and is believed to be caused by an abnormality in the genes that occurs (though statistically it does not seem to run in families). Children born with Prader-Willi Syndrome may have early feeding difficulties that lead to tube feeding, and often have a degree of behavioral and/or mental problems (some severe).
Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD)
BDD, or Body Dysmorphic Disorder is a preoccupation or obsession with a defect in visual appearance, whether that be an actual slight imperfection or an imagined one. Some example of this would be obsessing to the point of severe depression (sometimes including thoughts about or attempts at suicide) over physical attributes such as freckles, a large nose, blotchy skin, wrinkles, acne, scarring. Though the preoccupation can include any part of the body; areas of the face and head, specifically the skin, hair and nose, are most common.
Orthorexia Nervosa Orthorexia Nervosa is an obsession with a "pure" diet, where it interferes with a person's life. It becomes a way of life filled with chronic concern for the quality of food being consumed. When the person suffering with Orthorexia Nervosa slips up from wavering from their "perfect" diet, they may resort to extreme acts of further self-disipline including even strictor regimens and fasting.
Found typically in body-building circles and known as muscle dysmorphia or reverse Anorexia, Bigorexia is a condition in which the sufferer is constantly worried that they are too small. This goes beyond the typical body-building gym-goer, and transcends into dangerous realms when men and women are willing to go to all lengths to increase muscle mass. Dr. Harrison Pope, of the McLean Hospital, says, "there's nothing inherently pathological about being an avid gym-goer, but it shouldn't take over your life." In likening Bigorexia to Anorexia he comments, "They are both disorders of body image, the preoccupations simply go in opposite directions."